In 1890 Jacob Riis wrote How The Other Half Lives. A Hungarian immigrant with few resources, Pulitzer rose to purchase the struggling New York World newspaper in 1883 after many successes in St. Louis. His artwork was primarily based on political corruption. Muckraker Problem in Society Method used to expose the problem Reform(s) made as a result 1. Feb 2, 2014 - This activity on Progressive Era Muckrakers features a 1-page reading about Muckrakers plus a chart of 7 famous American muckrakers, their works, subjects, and the effects they had on America. the favorite targets of the muckrakers included all of the following except the violence used against unions according to historians writing in the 1970s and 1980s, the progressive movement resulted in The term "yellow journalism" derives from his popular comic strip. Perhaps the best known female muckraker is Ida Tarbell who was one of the main contributors to McClure’s Magazine in 1902. These types of journalist where advocates for plight workers, violence against african americans, and corruption in politics to the attention of the American public. Hearst is quoted as saying, "War makes for great circulation." (aka free enterprise) an economic system in which individuals own and operate the majority of businesses that provide goods and services. [6] The term "muckraker" was used during the Progressive Era to characterize reform -minded American journalists who largely wrote for … A religious cusade emphasizing social responsibility as a means to salvation. The muckrakers were American journalists who criticized the business and political practices of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. E.G. The muckrakers provided detailed, accurate journalistic accounts of the political and economic corruption and social hardships caused by the power of big … The very same issue comprised of famous muckraking works like "The Shame of Minneapolis" (Lincoln Steffens), “The History of Standard Oil” (Ida M. Tarbell) and "The Right to Work" (Ray Stannard Baker). Flashcards. The January 1903 issue of McClure’s is reckoned to be the official start of muckraking journalism. Shel witnessed first hand the efforts of the Standard Oil Company's efforts to monopolize oil production in Pennsylvania. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were two young reporters for The Washington Post who stumbled upon the biggest news story (and greatest scandal) in American history. Baker later served as press secretary to President Woodrow Wilson during the Paris Peace Treaty, and wrote a multi-volume biography of Wilson. F amous Muckrakers The names of the most famous Muckrakers and the problems they exposed are detailed in the following table.. He joined other muckrakers like Tarbell and Ray Stannard Baker to form the American Magazine. His story "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" has been described as "one of the most 1. Muckraker during the Progressive Era; wrote "The Octopus" (1901) that described the power of the railroads over Western farmers. Competition, supply, and demand determine which goods and services are produced, how they are produced, and how they are distributed. the term originates from members of the Progressive movement in America who wanted to expose the corruption and scandals in government and business. Start studying US History Famous Muckrakers. A muckraker and novelist known for his best seller The Jungle, first serialized in 1905 by the socialist journal of tiny Girard, Kansas, Appeal to Reason. This is the final product of a Muckraker history project for school two years ago. (unknown, 2008-2016) Muckrakers effected business and politics in ways no one could have imagined. C) Upton Sinclair. The book was fiction but based on the things sinclair had seen. The Naturalist school or style in literature and the muckrakers overlap. D) Theodore Roosevelt. It looks like your browser needs an update. 2. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. In 1905, Thomas Lawson brought the inner workings of the stock market to light in Frenzied Finance. Upton Sinclair was a famous muckraker who wrote a novel called The Jungle. Learn. Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – circa 1914) was an American short story writer, journalist, poet, and Civil War veteran.His book The Devil's Dictionary was named as one of "The 100 Greatest Masterpieces of American Literature" by the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration. Famous Muckrakers. muckraker The Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to inspect, and condemn, any meat product found unfit for human consumption and was designed to work in combination with the Pure Food and Drug Act. Wells. Average score for this quiz is 5 / 10 . Sensational headlines such as "Baptized in Blood" competed with those of the New York Journal owned by William Randolph Hearst. Outcault's creations also generated the first comic merchandising; key rings, statues and other Yellow Kid paraphernalia predated Happy Meals by decades. Famous Muckrakers. Lincoln Steffens 1902 - launched a series of articles in McClure's (popular magazine) titled "The Shame of the Cities" which unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government. Progressive era muckrakers worksheet answers. Test. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ida Tarbell, American investigative journalist, lecturer, and chronicler of American industry best known for her classic The History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), which helped define the trend to investigate, expose, and crusade in liberal journals of … STUDY. In this novel, he described the disgusting conditions of meatpacking factories in Chicago. Start studying Muckrakers. Under Hearst's direction, the paper fanned the flames of war, urging it's readers to "Remember the Maine", a U.S. navy ship that exploded mysteriously in Cuba. Muckrakers were journalists and novelists of the Progressive Era who sought to expose corruption in big business and government. Muckraker who exposed social and political evils with the use of his camera! A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. New York Post reporter and managing editor of McClure's Magazine. A famous caricaturist and editorial cartoonist in the 19th century and is considered to be the father of American political cartooning. Although “muckraking” was a term that came about at the beginning of the 20 th Century, two of the most famous muckrakers made their reputation in the 70s. Oh no! Upton Sinclair's classic book described the unsanitary practices of a Chicago meat packing company and led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drugs Act (1906) and the Meat Inspection Act. Muckraker, any of a group of American writers identified with pre-World War I reform and expose literature. A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil. A group of writers, journalists, and critics who exposed corporate malfeasance and political corruption in the first decade of the 20th century. 1902 - launched a series of articles in McClure's (popular magazine) titled "The Shame of the Cities" which unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government. Gravity. A Hungarian immigrant with few resources, Pulitzer rose to purchase the struggling New York World newspaper in 1883 after many successes in St. Louis. He helped people realize the corruption of some politicians. Vocab #18 Define Progressive Era - Muckrakers - quizlet . Created by. His Come learn of them. muckraker Muckrakers where a term used for investigative journalist. muckrakers often wrote about impoverished people and took … Hearst used the expansion of his newspaper chain to further his political ambitions, though without the same level of success as his media empire. The president who coined muckraker; Groups muckrakers would commonly back The target of Lincoln Steffens' work Ida Tarbell's focus A famous book featuring meat packing criticism Compiled his pictures into a book called "How The Other Half Lives"; exposed the poor conditions of the poor tenements in NYC and Hell's Kitchen ... Lewis Hine. Baker's articles investigated labor relations and race relations; the latter were collected together in Following the Color Line, illuminating Jim Crow laws, lynching, and poverty. He wrote a series of articles that exposed corruption in the local governments of Chicago, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Philadelphia and New York City; later collected in the book The Shame of the Cities (1904). Famous Muckrakers of the Progressive Era: 1890 - 1920. the only son from a rich family, took control of his father's newspaper in 1887 after an unsuccessful stint at Harvard. The Slavation Army, offered materials and spiritual services to the urban poor. B) Ida Tarbell. (1901 -1917Formed by Midwestern Farmers, Socialists, and Labor Organizers -attacked monopolies, and wanted other reforms, such as bimetallism, transportation regulation, the 8-hour work day, and income tax. Match. Progressives believed that reform was especially needed to fix problems that arose because of industrialization (big business), … Once other publications saw how profitable these exposés had been, they courted muckrakers of their own. The Yellow Kid would symbolize the circulation wars between Pulitzer and Hearst; the comic appeared in both newspapers simultaneously. It looks like your browser needs an update. The Struggle for Self-Government (1906) told of investigations of state politicians. Along with the muckrakers was a group of writers called the naturalists, the naturalist school of writers because they wrote in the naturalistic style. Famous photographer during the Progressive Era. Most of this writing occurred between 1890 and 1910. He meant that they raked up dirt, or found out bad things, and let people know what they had found out. A) Lincoln Steffens. PLAY. Creator of The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown comics. (US, Canada, Japan, and Australia), A famous caricaturist and editorial cartoonist in the 19th century and is considered to be the father of American political cartooning. Tarbell wrote The History of the Standard Oil Company articles in McClure's Magazine criticizing the business practices of Standard Oil and its president, John D. Rockefeller. Hearst's efforts contributed to the start of the Spanish-American War. Her expose of Standard Oil was the first corporate coverage of its kind, and it attacked the business operations of Rockefeller, the best-known businessman in the country at the time, even though he had retired from the oil business several years before, and was devoting his time to philanthropy. How did muckrakers get their name quizlet? This activity on Progressive Era Muckrakers features a chart of 7 famous American muckrakers, their works, subjects, and the effects they had on America. Progressive Movement Era Muckraker Primary Source Stations Activity What is a muckraker and what do they have to do with the progressive era. Oh no! Some of the most famous muckrakers were women, including Ida Tarbell and Ida B. The work of muckrakers influenced the passage of key legislation that strengthened protections for workers and consumers. A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil. A muckraker on the staff of McClure's Magazine, Ray Stannard Baker joined Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, William Allen White and others to found American Magazine in 1906. Muckrakers were reporters who told Americans about the corruption and other problems with big businesses, government, and the cities. John Spargo unearthed the horrors of child labor in The Bitter Cry of the Children in 1906. During her lifetime, she also circumnavigated the globe in 72 days, managed two multi-million dollar companies at the same time, and was the first female correspondent to cover the eastern front during World War I. They're articles where mostly focused around issues like unsanitary and unsafe conditions at factories and mills. Terms in this set (8) Joseph Pulitzer. What needed to be fixed in society. Some of the most famous muckrakers of the Progressive Era were women. President Theodore Roosevelt named these writers muckrakers. His artwork was primarily based on political corruption. Write. The muckrakers would become known for their investigative journalism, evolving from the eras of "personal journalism"—a term historians Emery and Emery used in The Press and America (6th ed.) As a reporter, she pioneered techniques in investigative journalism by faking her own insanity in order to go undercover in New York's insane asylum on Blackwell's Island. She is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company. muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. samsal13. They wrote stories and investigated to blow the top off what some would call scandals and secrets. He helped people realize the corruption of some politicians Showing top 8 worksheets in the category muckrakers. Pulitzer used his newspapers to crusade for the rights of immigrants, the poor and the working class. A pseudonym for Elizabeth Cochrane, she is known for numerous journalistic and business accomplishments. Hearst became a major competitor of Joseph Pulitzer when he purchased The New York Journal in 1895. Collectively called MUCKRAKERS, a brave cadre of reporters exposed injustices so grave they made the blood of the average American run cold.) To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Assigned to report on the burglary of the Democratic … She exposed Standard Oil tycoon John Rockefeller in her book The History of Standard Oil as a corrupt and greedy man. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890. Rockefeller responded to these attacks by describing her as "Miss Tarbarrel". After reading the chart, students complete a set of … muckrakers was coined by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906 in reference to their ability to uncover muck, or dirt. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen. Spell. Origin Of The Term ‘Muckrakers’ Best experience, please update your browser headlines such as `` Baptized in Blood '' competed with those of Progressive. 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