There are three main noun declensions in Russian: - конь (singular, masculine, ending in a "zero ending"). The Genitive Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, Latin Personal Pronouns: Declension Table, The Dative Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, Latin Nouns of the Second Declension Endings, Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar, The Accusative Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, How to Decline Latin Demonstrative Pronouns: Hic, Ille, Iste, Is, Learn the Endings of Fifth Declension Latin Nouns, The Instrumental Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, семьи (SYEMyee) - families, feminine, plural, стoл (stol) - table, masculine, "zero ending", столы (staLYH) - tables, masculine,plural, ночь (noch) - night, feminine, "zero ending", времена (vyremeNAH) - times, neuter, plural, M.F.A., Creative Writing, Manchester Metropolitan University, Diploma in Translation (IoLet Level 7, Russian), Chartered Institute of Linguists, The subject of a sentence (fulfills the nominative function), A noun or pronoun in a one-word nominative sentence (fulfills the nominative function), Part of a complex nominative predicate, meaning that a noun or a pronoun is used together with a verb to form a. здание (building) becomes: здания (buildings). The preposition за+Nom is used only in questions with the interrogative pronoun что, where it is a synonym of the adjectival pronoun какой in the sense of 'what kind … Nominative case of Russian nouns Russian grammar --> Russian cases --> Nominative Case The nominative case is a set of word forms (in singular and plural) the basic function of which is to mark the subject of the sentence. However, some nouns retain vestiges of Old Russian vocative case, and some have acquired a partitive-genitive case separate from the genitive and/or a locative caseseparate from the prepositional. Nominative case answers the questions: “who?” – Кто? The nominative case answers the questions "who?" Челове́к is in the Nominative – Ча́шка упа́ла и разби́лась. Need to translate "nominative case" to Russian? - Он – учитель. (zhoorNAL New-Yorker napyCHAtal yeYOH stat'YUH)- The New Yorker Magazine published her article. The nominative case is the initial form of Russian nouns. The nominative case in Russian—именительный падеж (imeNEEtelny paDYEZH)—is the basic case and serves to identify the subject of a verb. The term "nominative" dates back to the ancient Greek tradition. Here are the general rules: If a noun ends in a consonant ( б, в, г, д, ж, з, й, к, л, м, н, п, р, с, т, ф, х, ц, ч, ш, щ) or й, it’s masculine. (NAshi PApy - oochityeLYA)- Our Dads are teachers. Subject tells who or what is … In English we make a plural by adding “s”.In Russian, in the nominative case, you make a plural by using the letters “и”, “ы”, “я” or “а”. (kon')- A horse, - печь (singular, feminine, ending in a "zero ending"). Only two Russian prepositions are used with the Nominative case and those are used semi-idiomatically. Nominative Case (Именительный падеж) The nominative case answers the questions кто/что (ktoh/chtoh), meaning who/what, and identifies the subject of a sentence. 1. The nominative case is used for the subject of a sentence. In Russian, then, the word 'Peter' would be placed in the nominative case. All nouns and pronouns in Russian dictionaries are given in the nominative case. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first. C. Verbs governing the cases. It is an initial form. Nominative case. - Лампа зажглась. You can easily find masculine nouns in the nominative case. Ча́шка is in the Nominative. In Russian dictionaries, all nouns are given in the nominative case. - Дверь медленно отворилась. - Мы долго бродили по городу. (naTAsha, vaz'MEE TROOPkoo)- Natasha, pick up (the phone). The good news is that you can use nouns right from a dictionary, without changing their form, to make up simple Russian sentences. 730 Shares In this table you will find all possible endings of a Russian adjective in the Nominative Case. The cases are discussed with reference to: A. A man is walking. Which is not that bad if you compare Russian to Finnish with its 15 cases! 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