Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding has handed over the first SIGMA 10514 Perusak Kawal Rudal (PKR) frigate to the Indonesian Ministry of Defence, on schedule and on budget. Filed Under: Naval Historical Review, Ship design and development, Ship histories and stories Tagged With: Type 12 Frigate, River Class Frigate, Australian Naval History Podcasts Her seven sister ships built in Australia, were Barcoo, Barwon, Burdekin, Gascoyne, Hawkesbury, Lachlan and Macquarie.. In August 1950, the Australian government announced plans to acquire a new class of anti-submarine warfare frigates, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay-class) frigate design. 2006, English, Book, Illustrated edition: River class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy : a story of the ships built in Australia / by Vince Fazio. [4], At the start of 1984, Stuart became the first RAN vessel permanently assigned to HMAS Stirling, the new base in Western Australia. The River class was a class of six destroyer escorts (originally designated anti-submarine frigates) operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). In an effort to maintain the capabilities of five of the vessels, a modernisation program was instituted, including the replacement of the original steam generator, an upgrade of the electrical system, a redesigned mast and funnel and a golfball radar dome. [9], During the mid-1970s, Yarra underwent a half-life refit, which included the removal of her remaining Limbo, and installation of a Mulloka sonar. Yarra, meanwhile had undergone a limited half-life refit from October, 1976 to December, 1977, which included the fitting of the Australian designed Mullolca sonar. The River class was a class of six destroyer escorts (originally designated anti-submarine frigates) operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Note: although these ships are grouped together as a single class, there were many significant differences between the first two units, Yarra and Parramatta (Type 12M), the second two units, Stuart and Derwent (modified Type 12M) and the final two units, Swan and Torrens (Type 12I). Most visited articles. Both dockyards again shared the construction of the fifth and sixth ships in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Plans to acquire four vessels, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay-class) frigate, began in the 1950s. [9] Torrens was torpedoed by the Collins-class submarine Farncomb during a weapons test in 1999. 2003, River class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy : a story of the ships built in Australia / by Vince Fazio Slipway Publications Rooty Hill, N.S.W. A River-class frigate, HMAS Macquarie (K532) circa 1952. All of the frigates experienced operational service in south-east Asia and represented the Navy in many international exercises including RIMPAC in the Hawaiian Islands. Australian Naval Infrastructure will soon hand over the Osborne Shipyards in Adelaide, South Australia to ASC Shipbuilding to construct Hunter Class Frigates. In 1967, Derwent’s ship’s company assisted in fighting bushfires in Tasmania, whilst Stuart was one of the first naval vessels to arrive in Darwin after the devastation of Cyclone Tracy. Later Swan was based there from December 1985, then Derwent from January, 1987 and finally, Torrens from September 1991. [citation needed], During their careers, the River-class ships spent most of their time in Australian waters or on multinational exercises, but were regularly deployed to the Far East Strategic Reserve, and saw service during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. Media related to River class destroyer escort of the Royal Australian Navy at Wikimedia Commons, For other naval ship classes of the same name, see, River class destroyer escort of the Royal Australian Navy, Naval Shipbuilding - Some Australian Experience, "Canadian Innovations in Naval Acoustics from World War II to 1967", List frigates of the Royal Australian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=River-class_destroyer_escort&oldid=969971257, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Destroyer escort (previously anti-submarine frigate), Scuttled as artificial reef, 21 December 1994, Scuttled as artificial reef, 14 December 1997, This page was last edited on 28 July 2020, at 13:42. [8] Modernisation was planned for Swan and Torrens during the mid-1980s, but a lack of funding meant that the ships only underwent a half-life refit. Life on the Line Podcasts Early River class units were available for the turning point convoy battles of the winter of 1942-43. Based on the British Whitby and Rothesay classes, four Australian variants were initially constructed at the Cockatoo Island and Williamstown Naval Dockyards, with each site delivering one frigate from each of the two early sub-groups. The River class frigates were by this stage re-categorised as destroyer escorts. [9], Yarra was decommissioned on 22 November 1985. The first pair, HMA Ships Parramatta and Yarra were commissioned on 14 July 1961 and 27 July 1961 respectively. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. [9] Swan was scuttled as an artificial reef in 1997. Sister ships were Barcoo, Barwon, Burdekin, Gascoyne, Lachlan, Hawkesbury, Macquarie, Condamine, Culgoa, Murchison and Shoalhaven. In September 1981, Swan gained the distinction of being the first RAN warship to visit China in 32 years, when she called into Shanghai. [5], Weapons fit for the first four ships at commissioning consisted of two 4.5 inch Mark 6 guns in a single twin turret, two 40 mm Bofors in a twin mount, and two Limbo anti-submarine mortars. Two more ships were ordered in 1964, following the Melbourne-Voyager collision; these were based on the Type 12I (or Leander-class) frigate. “The River-class frigates are all named after Australian rivers, were built in Australia and were in service with the RAN from 1942-1979,” Mr Snowdon said. The future Hunter class frigates … [7] Stuart was the first RAN ship fitted with Ikara, and Derwent the first to carry Sea Cat. [4], The ships had a displacement of 2,150 tons at standard load and 2,700 tons at full load. Then, following a devastating earthquake in Bali in 1976, Parramatta was diverted to render assistance to the local community. The Defence Department confirmed BAE System's Hunter class frigate has become longer, while its weight has increased. Guided missile systems to counter aircraft and submarine threats were added from 1963 to 1967, including the quadruple Seacat launcher in place of the Bofors and the Australian designed Ikara launcher for the after Limbo. [8], In 1992, reports of sexual harassment aboard Swan prompted investigations by the Australian Defence Force and a Senate committee review. River class frigates generally replaced the old Town and V&W class destroyers which had been assigned to ocean escort groups. [9] The other three ships were broken up for scrap. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. The Type 12 anti-submarine frigate HMAS Parramatta, the first of six River Class Destroyer Escorts, was constructed for the Royal Australian Navy at Cockatoo Island Dockyard as ship numbers 199. Australia’s Hunter class, like the British Type 26 City class it is based on, has a degree of modularity built into its design. When first proposed, the new ASW frigates were estimated to cost approximately $4 million per ship, with building scheduled to begin in 1954. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. [5] Propulsion was provided by two double-reduction geared turbines, which supplied 30,000 shaft horsepower (22,000 kW) to two propeller shafts, allowing the vessels to reach 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). Stuart became the first of the River class to be homeported to HMAS Stirling in Western Australia, in January 1984. Beyond that, the upgrades break … [5] The ship's company consisted of 250 personnel. Constructed in the mid-1940s, Diamantina was active from 1945 until 1946, was placed in reserve, then was recommissioned as a survey ship from 1959 until 1980. [2][3], In 1964, the aircraft carrier Melbourne collided with the destroyer Voyager, resulting in the destroyer's sinking. This model includes three ships. Derwent, in company with HMAS Brisbane, took part in the first bilateral naval exercises with Indonesia, whilst some of her sister ships visited China as well as the regular South East Asian and Pacific ports. The River class was conceived as replacements for the Second World War vintage Q class destroyers, which were converted to fast anti-submarine frigates. [5] Maximum range was 3,400 nautical miles (6,300 km; 3,900 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph). They represented the backbone of the Fleet. Dzerzhinsky 054, Soviet Krivak III Class Frigate – The Project 1135 Burevestnik (Storm Petrel) class were a series of frigates or guard ships (patrol boats). An era in the RAN finally ended on 11 September 1998, when the White Ensign was lowered on the last River class destroyer escort Torrens. HMS Rother and HMS Spey were launched in late 1941, and Canadian and Australian construction continued through 1944. This category contains the River-class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy . In 1941 the RAN approved the construction of River Class frigates but it was not the only Allied Navy to build this class of warship during World War II. See more ideas about river, warship, royal navy ships. History. Wikipedia Citation. The second group, comprising HMA Ships Derwent and Stuart were commissioned on 30 April 1963 and 28 June 1963. These recordings can be accessed through Apple iTunes or for Android users, Stitcher. First, the ships’ maximum displacement was raised from 4,100t to 4,200t by increasing their longitudinal, deck and bulkhead strength, and raising the V lines. The River-class frigates were a class of over 200 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the Atlantic and Pacific. Life on the Line tracks down Australian war veterans and records their stories. This 1/1800 scale model represents the River class of frigates; one hundred and fifty-one were built. [1] The first two ships, Parramatta and Yarra, were based directly on the Rothesay class, with changes to fire control system, air warning radar, and habitability to meet RAN operating conditions. Two more ships were ordered in 1964, following the Melbourne-Voyager collision; these were based on the Type 12I (or Leander-class) frigate. The final pair, HMA Ships Swan and Torrens, were commissioned on 20 January 1970 and 19 January 1971. [6] During the 1960s, a quadruple Sea Cat anti-aircraft missile launcher was fitted in place of the Bofors, and one of the Limbo mortars was removed in favour of an Ikara missile launcher. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. 4/1999. This article first appeared in The Australian Warship Review, Vol. English: The River class frigates served with the UK, Free French, Australian and Canadian navies in World War II and later. 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