Carex rosea, or Golden Star Sedge, is a small tufted woodland sedge with fine leaves and delicate star-like seed clusters. Differences between species in the same genus are smaller than differences between species of different genera. Certain herbicides can be purchased and used only by Certified Pesticide Applicators, so herbicide treatment may not be possible without paying someone to do it for you. Sedges have edges (most sedges have distinctly triangular-shaped stems, although their leaves can be flat) and rushes are round (almost all rush stems are cylindrical in shape). We are now planting more of them around Virginia Bluebells. Virginia Wild Rye Seeds Elymus virginicus Quick View. Growing no more than a foot tall, the small bright green tufts are able to stand out in the shade garden. Native sedges can be found thriving in just about any environment, from woodlands to marshes, and even dry sand. This sedge is attractive when used as an underplanting for ferns and other low-growing shade perennials such as blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium), wild geranium (Geranium maculatum), eastern woodfern (Dryopteris marginalis), and sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum). Other local native sedges to investigate include meadow sedge (Carex flaccosperma), tussock sedge (Carex stricta), and wood sedge (Carex blanda). Add Surfactant Do not apply w/in 1/2 mile Potable Water Intake. A panel of local experts chose these plants based on their current or potential availability, their overall aesthetic interest, and their likelihood to grow well without major care. See the “Buy Natives” tab on the Plant NOVA Natives web site (www.plantnovanatives.org) for listings of 2018 native plant sales and native-only sellers where these species can be obtained. Perennials (forbs) Conoclinium coelestinum - Blue Mistflower Lobelia cardinalis - Cardinal Flower Vernonia noveboracensis - New York Ironweed. Carex glaucescens, an attractive sedge native to North America, in the Cyperaceae family, is found along pond or stream margins, in bogs, swamps, ditches, wet meadows, and in seasonally wet areas. Carex rosea looks great in small groups, or mixed with a variety of low-growing woodland wildflowers. Chemically treating a pond with herbicides approved for aquatic use can be effective for many types of vegetation. Other local native sedges to investigate include meadow sedge (Carex flaccosperma), tussock sedge (Carex stricta), and wood sedge (Carex blanda). Native plants are historic to the region, help give us a sense of place, and are an important part of our local ecosystem. Native plant gardens can also be grown in small spaces. When using herbicides/pesticides, protect yourself and others by strictly following all label directions. We offer a wide selection of Virginia native plants including perennials, ferns, vines, grasses, sedges… They emerge in Virginia in June and will remain part of the ground canopy until frost, when they behave much like warm-season grasses and they enter winter dormancy. Clump of Carex appalachica (Appalachian Carex) Photo © Elaine Mills. There are grass-like members of the Carex family suitable for shade, sun, moist and dry areas. Starting at $2.98 USD. ... Sedges are also cool season growers. A more robust plant than Carex pensylvanica, it grows in dense mounded tufts with narrow, deep green, finely-textured leaves which reach a height of 6 to 12 inches and a spread of 12 to 18 inches. Graphics: Marilyn Thomson Ferns reproduce using spores rather than flowers. Pennsylvania sedge is a cool-season native sedge. The narrow leaves of fox sedge plants grow taller than the stems. The mature Carex plantaginea is about 1 foot in height with an equal spread. It has fine leaves that reach about a foot in length, but it usually flops over at about 6 inches to form silky, undulating mounds. Use native grasses/sedges; a healthy meadow should be 30-70% native grasses to provide shelter, vertical and soil structure, caterpillar food and seeds for birds and mammals. Thanks to Virginia Native Plant Society and Rod Simmons for sharing this information. Native plants feed the insects that are the base of the food web, and insects that are especially important as food for young songbirds. Grasses, Sedges and Rushes: Agrostis perennans (autumn bentgrass) Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) Chasmanthium latifolium (river oats) Danthonia spicata (poverty oatgrass) Dichanthelium commutatum (variable panicgrass) Elymus hystrix (hystrix patula) (bottlebrush grass) Elymus virginicus (Virginia wild rye) Shrubs: Sedges intermingle beautifully in any setting. Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! By treating 1/3 of the pond at a time, fish kills attributed to low dissolved oxygen as a result of decaying plant matter can be prevented. It does best in moist woodlands with light to medium shade, although it can adapt to difficult dry shaded sites. She decided that she wanted to transform her yard, and that her first goal would to reduce the size of the lawn. Use the form below to find native plant species that suit your needs. Brown pendulous, pistillate spikes bloom late spring to early summer with yellowish, smooth glaucous fruits developing in late summer. Shopping Options Container Type. Green in the summer, it turns a vivid orange in late autumn. Native plants attract a variety of birds, butterflies, pollinators, and other wildlife by providing diverse habitats and food sources. The leaves are a striking lime-green color with three prominent veins and a puckered surface, leading to its alternate common name “seersucker sedge.” In spring, striped maroon and green flower spikes rise above the foliage. The largest and most diverse of the Cyperaceae's genera are the true sedges from the Carex genus.Ohio is home to over 160 different species and account for a nice chunk of our botanical biodiversity. They emerge in Virginia in June and will remain part of the ground canopy until frost, when they behave much like warm-season grasses and they enter winter dormancy. Add native pond plants to your garden shopping list, as … These are grass like, clumpy plants. Invasive, non-native plants do not provide the same ecosystem services as natives and have a harmful effect on our environment, not only in the suburban community but also in our forests, parks, and other natural areas. Some homeowners use Carex pensylvanica as a lawn substitute as it does well in dry conditions, tolerates heavy shade, and is resistant to deer grazing. Home>Native Plant Resource Center>Upper Peninsula Native Plants>Native Grasses, Rushes, and Sedges Grasses and sedges perform many important environmental functions. Use native grasses/sedges; a healthy meadow should be 30-70% native grasses to provide shelter, vertical and soil structure, caterpillar food and seeds for birds and mammals. It is a host plant for several woodland butterflies and a food source for birds. Native warm-season grasses have minimal requirements for sup-plemental water or fertilizer. For a more heat-tolerant sedge, try the less popular southern waxy sedge (Carex glaucescens). Virginia Native Plant Society 400 Blandy Farm Lane, Unit 2 Boyce, VA 22620 540-837-1600 | vnpsofc@shentel.net www.vnps.org for A list of Nurseries iN A PArtiCulAr regioN of virgiNiA, CoNtACt: The Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association ... Grasses, Sedges & Rushes Agrostis perennans Virginia native plants. Native woodland sedges can be added under trees in the root zone, or around the base of shrubs and taller plants. Virginia Native Plant Finder. This sedge does not need to be mowed and reaches a mature height of 6 to 12 inches. Add native pond plants to your garden shopping list, as … A pond needs plants within it, too, of three kinds: marginal, submergent and floating. See the “Buy Natives” tab on the Plant NOVA Natives web site (www.plantnovanatives.org) for listings of 2018 native plant sales and native-only sellers where these species can be obtained. Sep 29, 2020 - Explore Leslie Calambro's board "Native Virginia Grasses" on Pinterest. When proper light and soil moisture requirements are met, these native sedges require little annual attention. When grouped, this sedge makes an effective ground cover or border for woodland trails — a perfect native substitute for invasive liriope and non-native mondo grass. Arching, spiky, mounding, compact or airy, their ornamental qualities and their many uses have made them increasingly popular in the designed landscape. Native Sedges Fit for Gardening By Scott Woodbury When most gardeners think of sedges, a particular weed comes to mind, yellow nutsedge. Sedges are an excellent grass-like alternative when selecting plant species for your native lawn. Native Wetland Plants. Carex appalachica  can be used in a border planting along a walkway, tucked under shrubs as substitute for non-native liriope, or combined with other shade-loving plants, such as eastern columbine (Aquilegia canadense), dwarf crested iris (Iris cristata), and white wood aster (Eurybia divaricata). It is also a lovely companion for native ground covers such as wild ginger (Asarum canadense), hairy alumroot (Heuchera villosa), and foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia). This lawn consists of mowed clustered field sedge (Carex praegracilis), a native to most of the U.S and Canada. Grasses, Sedges, Rushes Identification of grasses, sedges, and rushes is often perceived as one of the most difficult activities in the realm of botany. See more ideas about grass, plants, virginia. Like most sedges, the Appalachian sedge provides great cover for insects. Chemical treatments can be very effective in controlling vegetation especially in small areas of a pond such as swimming areas or boat ramps. Juncus effesus - Soft Rush. Sedges expand the palette of plants suitable for shady locations and are attractive as low-growing specimen plants, ground covers, and even lawn substitutes. Sedges. ... Sedges are also cool season growers. Virginia has a wide variety of sedges available to use for a project like this lawn replacement. VNPS Communications on May 2, 2016 at 8:39 am. Ferns. Plant NoVA Natives makes using native plants in the Northern Virginia landscape easy and fun, reaching out to homeowners, partnering with garden centers and supporting community leaders. Landscaping, plant information. Susan had been learning a bit about native plants and their benefits from a Master Gardener course she was taking, especially from a segment on natives given by a member of the Virginia Native Plant Society. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), Thanks, Michael! Carex pensylvanica is native to open woods and thickets in the eastern half of North America. Meadow Gardens and Meadows Grasslands are natural communities dominated by native perennial grasses and sedges. The two Carex species planted in our 2.0 wetland biofilters this year are Carex lyngbyei, or Lyngbye's sedge, and Carex obnupta, or slough sedge… Native Sedge (Carex vernacula) By Russ Holmes. They can be planted in either spring or fall, and during the first several seasons will need little care beyond combing or raking of foliage and removal of dead leaves by hand. Sedges: Any of a family ; grass-like plants often found on wet ground or in water, having usually triangular, solid stems, three rows of narrow, pointed leaves and minute flowers born in spikelets. A pond, small or large, looks prettiest when plants border it, and wildlife prefers the protection they offer. Eastern Star Sedge is a favorite of ours due to … Click on each photo to see large images and detailed information. Hummingbird Hill Native Plant Nursery is a retail nursery located in the heart of Free Union, Virginia. Insignificant flowers appear at the top of rough stems from April to July, and the foliage turns sandy tan in the fall. For a list of plants that suit your specific needs, fill in fields in the second form. The photograph above shows the delicate pollen-laden staminate (male) flowers and the clear, thread-like pistillate (female) flowers on the flowering culms of Carex communis in early spring. Native warm season grasses (nwsg) are historically native to Virginia and when managed properly can provide excellent wildlife habitat for many species, including bobwhite quail. Established plants are unpalatable to deer. Pennsylvania Sedge (above). Growing no more than a foot tall, the small bright green tufts are able to stand out in the shade garden. This native sedge is not as common as some of its cousins but is sometimes used for native wetland restoration projects. Native groundcovers. Sedges are gaining increasing recognition as a native alternative to nonnative groundcovers such as English ivy (Hedera helix), wintercreeper (Euonymus fortunei), and periwinkle (Vinca minor and V. major). Indigenous peoples have occupied the region for at least 12,000 years. Grasses, Sedges, Rushes Identification of grasses, sedges, and rushes is often perceived as one of the most difficult activities in the realm of botany. Native warm season grasses (nwsg) are historically native to Virginia and when managed properly can provide excellent wildlife habitat for many species, including bobwhite quail. It adapts to both prairies and marshes. Appalachian sedge, or Carex appalachica, is a perennial sedge that grows in small 12 inch green tufts. Provide plant species eaten by caterpillars; a great way to bring moths and butterflies into your meadow is to … This is a list of graminoids (grasses, sedges, and rushes) native or introduced to the U.S. state of Minnesota, organized alphabetically by scientific name (genus and species These commonly used nonnative groundcovers have escaped their intended confines and become invasive in many natural areas. It is semi-evergreen with foliage that is refreshed when new foliage emerges in mid-April. Non-Native Invasive Plants in Northern Virginia and Regional Native Alternatives . Carex plantaginea, the most ornamental of the sedges, is native to rich deciduous woods in eastern North America from Quebec to South Carolina. Carex plantaginea in the landscape.Photo © Elaine Mills. A pond needs plants within it, too, of three kinds: marginal, submergent and floating. The fine textured leaves, 6″ height and a creeping habit make this a great lawn alternative for dry soils in wooded areas. This native sedge has narrow leaves that taper off about a foot below the green seed heads. We appreciate your comment. Species in the family have limited economic importance though some are used as ornamentals. We have all read providing habitat is good for local pollinators and birds. VNPS Communications on May 2, 2016 at 8:39 am. The grass shoots up to 3 feet (91 cm.) Carex rosea looks great in small groups, or mixed with a variety of low-growing woodland wildflowers. Species of Carex are plants commonly called sedges. Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) lawnPhoto © Elaine Mills. Thanks, Michael! Carex rosea, or Golden Star Sedge, is a small tufted woodland sedge with fine leaves and delicate star-like seed clusters. It thrives in part shade to full shade and is drought tolerant; it won’t tolerate wetness. Individuals that treat their own ponds should keep the rule of thirds in mind when applying herbicides. The following partners have provided valuable assistance They can be lifted and split any time during active growth and can also be cut back at that time to see immediate new shoots. Native Sedges This category includes all species of native sedges that are currently for sale and in stock. Carex amphibola (Creek Sedge) Carex pensylvanica (Oak Sedge) Carex flaccosperma (Blue Wood Sedge) Carex laxiculmus (Creeping Sedge) Carex plantaginea (Seersucker Sedge) Carex stricta (Tussock Sedge) Heuchera americana (Coral Bells) (Semi) ... ** Native to Virginia but not Northern Virginia. Starting at $2.50 USD. It all comes down to this: every little bit does, indeed, help the Chesapeake. A good primer for our native grasses and sedges is the Piedmont Native Plants handbook, which recommends the following grasses for our area: Schizachyrinum scoparium (little bluestem) Elymis hystrix (bottlebrush grass) Muhlenbergia capillaris (muhly grass) Andropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Avenella flexuosa (wavy hair grass) Wildflowers and woody plants are also found in … ... Virginia Wild Rye, June Grass and Tufted Hairgrass are cool season grasses. Why use native plants . If needed, its foliage can be cut to the ground in early spring before new growth occurs to keep a tidy appearance. Treat 1/3 of the pond, then wait at least ten days prior to treating the next 1/3 and then treat the last 1/3 after another ten days elapses. Sedges are usually indicators of poorly drained soils, but they can compete effectively with turf in just about any soil condition. Roundstone Native Seed has been growing and supplying clean, high quality, regionally adapted Native Seed to the Eastern half of the US for over 20 years. Unlike cool season grasses which show active growth during spring and fall, nwsg grow during warmer months of the year. Rod Simmons on May 2, … Unlike the pesky yellow nutsedge, a weed that invades our agricultural crops and It has a fountaining habit with soft, delicate, arching, semi-evergreen leaves, reaching a height and spread of 6 to 12 inches. It’s native from Texas up to Virginia, growing in USDA zones 6 to 10 (find your zone), but it may only be available from select native-plant nurseries. After acquiring a few of these at a native plant nursery, and planting them in an area around Spreading Globeflower, we found it survives exclusively in wet bottomlands. ... Virginia Wild Rye, June Grass and Tufted Hairgrass are cool season grasses. At 15 to 30 feet tall, Flowering Dogwood is attrac, Flowering Dogwood has oval, medium green leaves wi, Master Gardener Organizations in Virginia, Teaching Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Master Gardener Tribute Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Organic Vegetable Garden at Potomac Overlook Regional Park, Educational Videos from Glencarlyn Library Community Garden, Tried & True Native Plants for the Mid-Atlantic, Planting Dates for Arlington and Alexandria, Select On-Line References for Kitchen Gardening, Gardening Basics for Arlington & Alexandria, VA, Community Gardens in Arlington & Alexandria, Between the Rows – A Guide to Vegetable Gardening, Creating Inviting Habitats for the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. The Native American tribes in Virginia are the indigenous tribes who currently live or have historically lived in what is now the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States of America.. All of the Commonwealth of Virginia used to be Virginia Indian territory. This publication describes and illustrates 48 grasses and 10 sedges native to Georgia. Andropogon virginicus (Beard grass, broom sedge): Native to much of North America, in open fields in various soil conditions. Treatments should not be conducted during very hot or dry weather conditions since these conditions often produce low oxygen levels and plant treatments will only further deplete oxygen levels. It grows vigorously in spring and fall, going nearly dormant in the heat of summer. Northern Virginia native plants are easier to maintain and save time and money. For a more heat-tolerant sedge, try the less popular southern waxy sedge (Carex glaucescens). Stems are unbranched with alternate leaves. Provide plant species eaten by caterpillars; a great way to bring moths and butterflies into your meadow is to … Native Wetland Plants. Webmaster: Elena Rodriguez. This lawn consists of mowed clustered field sedge (Carex praegracilis), a native to most of the U.S and Canada. We have grown from a small family-owned business to one of the largest seed providers in the East. Naturally adapted to our local soils and climate, the native plants in this guide require less ... Grasses, sedges, and rushes have upright straplike leaves and small non–showy flowers. Home>Native Plant Resource Center>Upper Peninsula Native Plants>Native Grasses, Rushes, and Sedges Grasses and sedges perform many important environmental functions. It isn’t a proper sedge in the genus Carex, but a flatsedge in the genus Cyperus which mostly consists of spreading species too weedy for gardening. More Info. A pond, small or large, looks prettiest when plants border it, and wildlife prefers the protection they offer. Carex appalachica is well-loved for its adaptability and its ability to grow in a wide range of conditions – including the shade. Hardy to Zone 5. A clump-former that grow 2 to 3 feet (60-90cm) tall. Additionally, community or shared waters (several landowners) requires herbicide application to be done by individuals with a Certified Pesticide Applicators License. Satisfying Sedges Carex amphibola narrowleaf sedge in woodland setting By Gretchen Spencer, Fairfax Master Gardener Sedges have been gaining prominence in the plant world, especially with the emphasis on using native plants in the garden. About the NAtive PlANts for CoNservAtioN, restorAtioN ANd lANdsCAPiNg ProjeCt This project is a collaboration between the Virginia Depart-ment of Conservation and Recreation and the Virginia Native Plant Society. Sep 15, 2013 - This information comes from the NC Botanical Gardens website, a lovely resource!!. Fox Sedge Information. Native sedge is in the Cyperaceae (sedge) Family which contains slightly over 100 genera and approximately 5,000 species worldwide occurring mostly in temperate and cold climates. As with any other situation, it requires that you match the amount and type of space with your needs and the plant's needs, such as sun, shade, moisture, roots, wind, pets, views, and access for maintenance. Consider some of the following native species in wet, shady habitats. Thanks to Virginia Native Plant Society and Rod Simmons for sharing this information. Plant NoVA Natives makes using native plants in the Northern Virginia landscape easy and fun, reaching out to homeowners, partnering with garden centers and supporting community leaders. Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. Sedges are an excellent grass-like alternative when selecting plant species for your native … Virginia native plants featured here were selected because they are attractive, relatively easy to find, easy to maintain, and offer many benefits to wildlife and the environment. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Unlike cool season grasses which show active growth during spring and fall, nwsg grow during warmer months of the year. Andropogon gyrons (Elliott's broom-sedge): Found in dry or moist fields in eastern states. tall and about half that wide. © 2020 Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources. Mar 6, 2013 - Explore Howard Bright's board "Native Sedges" on Pinterest. Text and photos by Elaine Mills, Certified Master Gardener, Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) and other shade plantsPhoto © Elaine Mills. It can be kept as an unmown lawn of 6 to 7 inches or mown several times per year at 3 to 4 inches. 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