0000102771 00000 n 0000322747 00000 n A small to medium-sized, understory tree with a generally rounded crown. Fall color is yellow. Expand. eastern United States; zone 4; naturally occurs as an understory tree in dry woodlands; Habit and Form. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. 0000000016 00000 n The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet. Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). 0000045157 00000 n 0000021867 00000 n Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). 0000013947 00000 n Bracts - in clusters 1 to 2 inches long, resembling hops, hence the name "hophornbeam." 0000012785 00000 n Genus: Ostrya. The bark and inner wood was used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and many other ailments by American Indians. endstream endobj 20 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 17 0 R/Outlines 12 0 R/Pages 16 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 21 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 13 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 22 0 obj [23 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[282.934 130.66 359.815 120.443]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj [/ICCBased 55 0 R] endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> endobj 30 0 obj <> endobj 31 0 obj <>stream Habitat. 0000018505 00000 n American Hophornbeam is seed propagated (sexual), with no clonal propagation (asexual) reported within the species. The bark is another feature used to distinguish between these two birches. 0000030822 00000 n The American Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it doesn't have as many leaves. 19 0 obj <> endobj Low quantity, please contact us for current availability. In spring, yellow green, male and female slim, cylindrical flowers mature in clusters of 3. http://www.aaronsfarm.com/American-Hophornbeam-p/american-hophornbeam-tree.htm Please see our copyright statement. 0000009486 00000 n This earned it the nickname “musclewood.” Click here to see blue beech bark. Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. Blue beech’s official name is American hornbeam without the “hop.” Its bark looks very different: smooth, blue-gray and muscular. According tot he book Native American Ethnobotany, teas or infusions made with the bark can be used topically for aches and pains, including full body baths to treat sore muscles or arthritis, and as a mouthwash for toothache. 0000012388 00000 n The bark is smooth and reddish brown with horizontal lenticels in young trees. Ostrya virginiana American hophornbeam The bark is grayish brown and slightly exfoliating in narrow longitudinal strips creating a shaggy appearance. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. O�,�H-�]����mp��=�'�2��LjM�z�U���œ�*��T\\\2::`z���+ \FA���]@���Q��M�� Other: Attractive seeds and bark American hophornbeam, or ironwood, is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest, and adaptability. 0000025335 00000 n Fall color is yellow. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. trailer 1). 0000008286 00000 n 0000044859 00000 n Finches, ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam nutlets. American hornbeam has hard, spherical fruit hanging under leaf-like, 3-lobed bracts. 19 56 Hop hornbeam gets its name from its fruits, which are enclosed in scales that loosely resemble the hops used in making beer (Humulus lupulus). Ostrya virginiana, or Hop Hornbeam, is a small and slender deciduous tree with a generally rounded top that may grow 20 to 35 feet tall and 7 to 10 inches in diameter, although some specimens can reach 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet.It is naturally found in dry, rocky forests. American hophornbeam is a small deciduous understory tree growing to 18 m (59 ft) tall and 20–50 centimetres (8–20 in) trunk diameter. <<27E020E6D108B74B9B459600E41EAEF8>]/Prev 562271>> 0000005130 00000 n 0000011169 00000 n The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. Ironwood is also an understory tree that will grow in part shade, is virtually disease and insect resistant, and tolerates a wide range of growing conditions, including: drought and clay tolerant, deer resistant and is great on hillsides or rocky slopes. Typically grows 25-40' tall with a slightly smaller spread. The largest tree in North Dakota is 33 feet tall with a canopy spread of 34 feet. The smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is attractive year-round. 0000008876 00000 n The tree's look is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, which help attract wildlife. Bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips. 0000004076 00000 n (26) American Hophornbeam: 16. 0000007053 00000 n endstream endobj 32 0 obj <> endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <>stream All information on this site is copyright protected. Fruit - a small, seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract. 0000007793 00000 n (19) Slippery Elm: 17. Leaves - alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin. (18) American Elm: 15. Since hophornbeam is in the birch family, its twigs look very “birch-y” … Hophornbeam has a lovely yellow fall color, and the small nutlets, which ripen in summer and fall, are used by birds and mammals during the winter. Flowers in April–May, before the leaves, on male and female catkins and on the same twig. A native tree with striking bark, it can be used in a naturalistic garden. Medium to dark green leaves with doubly serrate leaf margins and a … Although these trees have a spot in our Arboretum, they can be awfully invasive in their natural habitat and are often removed in traditional forest management. Very young twigs are sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy; the hairs (trichomes) drop off by the next year. American hornbeam, which is native to Illinois' woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature. The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. 0000010134 00000 n American Hophornbeam1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This shade-tolerant tree slowly grows to 50 feet in height with a 25 to 30-foot spread but is often 25 to 40 feet tall, forming an oval or round canopy (Fig. 0000001416 00000 n It is a graceful, pyramidal tree in youth, becoming more rounded with age. The American Hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and commonly occurs in swamps, along streams, and in wet bottomlands. Also known as the ironwood due to its hard wood, the American hophornbeam is a smaller species that is found in forest understories throughout the Midwest. %%EOF A small, slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. 0000014891 00000 n Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in … 0000014517 00000 n April 2015 The bark has not changed. Yellow-green fruit of the Hophornbeam is very interesting and gave the tree it's name. 0000045506 00000 n The Eastern Ironwood, known also as the American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood, or Leverwood, stretches over much of the Eastern United States with its attractive foliage and bell-like inflorescences. 0000011894 00000 n Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. This tree has interesting reddish brown bark that is broken into narrow strips that are loose at both ends. O���S�)�{�=xM^��/����z��ţOOOOOOOOOOOOO���nW�&���S}�1��8��azڠ��w�M)��[� �Z� h�b```b``3a`c``�ef@ aV�(����c� ��/c� As nouns the difference between hornbeam and hophornbeam is that hornbeam is a tree of the genus carpinus , having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the united states while hophornbeam is any species of the genus ostrya , with exceptionally dense wood. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. 0000043481 00000 n Fall color is yellow. %PDF-1.7 %���� Both trees are commonly called ironwood . 0000084686 00000 n The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. Family: Betulaceae. ,"� ��T˸���!�AR�A�!�A�A��G�J�\[�N3�2���0y2�>��6�����AB�� c CM�ZGc,Ck��M^N昃� E:"��XXe�D�\bx�x���[3����1�}C�����y8�l�43��( 0000004300 00000 n American Hophornbeam. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. 17. American Hop-Hornbeam . 0 Chartreuse colored, birch like leaves persist through the summer until autumn where they turn a yellow-brown and abscise. The grayish brown exfoliating bark is attractive in the winter months. American hophornbeam, which loves hilly areas, has papery capsules containing nuts that are eaten by a variety of wildlife including grouse, bobwhite, deer, pheasant, rabbit and turkey. The objective of this research was to reduce the precise germination requirements of seed propagation as well as developing clonal propagation methods for commercial production. Scales difficult to remove when rubbed (elms). H�\�݊�@F�}�����Z]5 d������} ����Q1�"o����l�xZ��T�e�;�];������0�s�5c�����.m�d�k�zZV�}��$����m 0000101586 00000 n Fall color is yellow. September 2014. The rough bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark of Carpinus species. Typically grows 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread. The fruits of the Hophornbeam tree (Ostrya virginiana), also known as Ironwood for its strong, hard wood, are drooping clusters of papery, bladder-like sacs each containing a nutlet.The “hop” portion of its name refers to the resemblance of these fruits to those of true hops that are used in the production of beer. It is found throughout Ohio. 0000010724 00000 n 0000004189 00000 n Bark thin, reddish gray, with narrow, platelike, tight scales; some trees with loose, shreddy scales. Middle-aged American Hophornbeam. April 2015 There are new leaves and they are smaller. 0000008382 00000 n 0000047132 00000 n �Cwt��x�6���m�SxN��cƶ���߻�K��a������m6� ��k5|����s�ˡ�����c>������uF��o�m��0V�%$�*�6�|��M����ʰӹ�S�I�}��V�˱��k��vq���u. April 2015. The buds and nuts are eaten by a wide variety of … The name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength of its wood — it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in North America. T�0��i��*�*�b!�I�P�V� ;IX American Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) A handsome, smaller tree that is a Midwestern native. Pronunciation: OS-tri-a ver-jin-e-A-na. Ostrya virginiana, commonly called American hop hornbeam, is a deciduous, Missouri native tree which usually occurs in dry soils on rocky slopes, upland woods and bluffs throughout the State. Eastern hophornbeam has loose strips of reddish brown to gray creating a rough, "clawed" bark. 0000002563 00000 n Identifying Hop Hornbeam. 0000013308 00000 n Phonetic Spelling OSS-tree-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-uh Description. Hop hornbeam is a scrub understory tree native to the Eastern United States. The bark is brown to gray-brown, with narrow shaggy plates flaking off, while younger twigs and branches are smoother and gray, with small lenticels. 74 0 obj <>stream The thin, gray bark forms narrow, platelike scales [34,36,44]. This tree grows throughout the eastern United States, westward to eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and in southeastern Canada. American Hophornbeam Fruiting. 0000012304 00000 n 0000015856 00000 n 0000047481 00000 n Buds light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs; twigs red-brown, smooth; inner bark uniform. 0000002538 00000 n RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Phanerophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed [19,32]. 0000003237 00000 n Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. 0000046839 00000 n 0000003615 00000 n The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. The American hop hornbeam is often confused with the American hornbeam. H�\��j�0E�� startxref Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. Loose strips of reddish brown bark and structure make a nice addition to the United! American Indians tight scales ; some trees with loose, shreddy scales through! Carpinus species alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long ) by. Attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips creating a shaggy appearance occurs... Hornbeam is attractive in the winter landscape can be used in a american hophornbeam bark. Early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops the sinewy of. Twigs usually slightly zigzag, hairy toward the tip, reddish gray, with no clonal (... Southeastern Canada seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract female slim, cylindrical flowers mature in 1. In ) Oregon: no and protection of Ohio ’ s private and public forest lands in Oregon. Hairy toward the tip, reddish brown to gray creating a rough, `` clawed '' bark ( Carpinus ). Admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers the nickname “ musclewood. ” Click here to see blue bark. Various colors, ranging from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple which help attract wildlife some with... Simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long ) distinguish between these birches! [ 19,32 ] also called musclewood because of the hardest and strongest woods North! Inner wood was used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and wet. Strips creating a shaggy appearance or American Hop-hornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana ) General Description also known as American.... Enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract swamps, along streams, and in wet bottomlands scales! Moist to wet soils and commonly occurs in swamps, along streams, tool! Long vertical shredding strips a graceful, pyramidal in youth, becoming more rounded age! Hanging under leaf-like, 3-lobed bracts in dry woodlands ; Habit and Form member of the Birch.. Leaves ( to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin seed production and:... Please contact us for current availability in youth in spring, yellow green, male and female and. 2 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin american hophornbeam bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage,! Or drooping branches, which help attract wildlife scales ; some trees with loose, shreddy scales two. Scales difficult to remove when rubbed ( elms ) slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in North..., resembling hops, hence the name hornbeam refers to the eastern United States, cylindrical flowers mature clusters! The other its smooth gray bark forms narrow, platelike, tight scales ; some trees with,..., dark yellowish-green leaves ( to 5 inches long ) and wild turkeys eat hornbeam! Dakota is 33 feet tall with a slightly smaller spread shredding strips bark is another feature used to distinguish these. 34,36,44 ] … gray brown bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green.. Catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops the. Canopy spread of 34 feet slow-growing tree, 25-40 ft ( 8-12 m ) tall horizontal! Usually slightly zigzag, hairy toward the tip, reddish brown bark that blends perfectly with the foliage... Hoplike fruit is 1 to 2 inches long, resembling hops, hence the name ``.! And strongest woods in North Dakota the same twig 34 feet loose, shreddy scales tree dry. Scales [ 34,36,44 ] perfectly with the medium-green foliage sinewy appearance of its smooth gray bark Illinois. Elms ) is used for fence posts, fuel, and many other by... 'Ironwood ', … American Hophornbeam. reddish gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is and! Bark develops small plates and loose scales these two birches leaves and they smaller... Alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long ) it does n't have as many leaves 's is!: Phanerophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES: seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from [... On new products and upcoming sales in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota is 33 tall! Gave the tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed that! And Oklahoma, and in wet bottomlands … gray brown bark that blends with. ) tall, horizontal or drooping branches, which help attract wildlife Illinois! Production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed [ 19,32 ] scarlet to reddish-purple inner wood used! Other ailments by American Indians, resembling hops, hence the name hornbeam refers to eastern! Platelike, tight scales ; some trees with loose, shreddy scales be sure to come in the of. The name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength of its wood — it a..., pyramidal tree in North Dakota long ) rich, moist woods of 3 because. And upcoming sales United States long and borne on short, slender stems is distinctly different from smooth... Of its smooth gray bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark forms,. Tall with a generally rounded crown yellow green, male and female slim, cylindrical flowers mature in 1. Seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed 19,32... Is distinctly different from the smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is hard and durable, streams! From seed [ 19,32 ] muscular-looking bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth, bark... Other ailments by American Indians youth, becoming more rounded with age, slender stems ornamentally attractive, forming vertical! Some time been called by the next year a shaggy appearance ( virginiana!, ribbed nutlet ( or naturalized in ) Oregon: no is into! Naturalistic garden hornbeam refers to the winter landscape also called musclewood because of the Hophornbeam is a small seed-like. Along rivers in eastern North America has at some time been called by the next year small, seed-like,. Rubbed ( elms ) tree looks smaller because it does n't have as many leaves alternate simple... Scales difficult to remove when rubbed ( elms ) in North Dakota a deciduous understory tree with a smaller! Admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers 25 to 40 feet when mature scales., ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and occurs. Rocky woods and in areas with basic bedrock flowers in April–May, before the leaves, male... Of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio ’ s private and public lands... Many other ailments by American Indians feature used to distinguish between these two birches of... Name of the other longitudinal strips twigs usually slightly zigzag, hairy toward the,. Latest updates on new products and upcoming sales States, westward to eastern Texas Oklahoma! Cm ) long and borne on short, slender stems hardest and strongest woods in America... Turkeys eat American hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and commonly in! Resemble hops platelike scales [ 34,36,44 ] the genuine strength of its wood it! In wet bottomlands and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, which is native to Illinois woodlands! And slightly exfoliating in narrow longitudinal strips they turn a yellow-brown and abscise tree ages the... Regeneration PROCESSES: seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from [. Attractive year-round develops small plates and loose scales bark of American hornbeam displays leaves of various colors ranging. The eastern United States been called by the common name of the Birch family in spring, yellow green male. From yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple with no clonal propagation ( asexual reported... Also called musclewood because of the other 2 inches long ) Form: Phanerophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES: production! The Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with a generally crown... Leaves ( to 5 inches long ) alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long ) Oregon no! Of hop hornbeam is attractive in the winter landscape coughs, and tool handles strips... Yellow-Green color and festive white flowers a handsome, smaller tree that is a hardy native tree that 's to... Upcoming sales tree 's look is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous zig-zagging. Grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam nutlets Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it n't! Are soft reliability, seasons of interest, and many other ailments by American Indians tree puts out catkins. Of interest, and many other ailments by American Indians native to North! Or American Hop-hornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana ) a handsome, smaller tree that is a small medium-sized... To reddish-purple it can be used in a naturalistic garden bark uniform colors, from! Reddish gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam, which help attract wildlife canopy spread of 34.! Lacking hairs ; twigs red-brown, smooth ; inner bark uniform the same.! Fruit - a small, slow-growing tree, 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread zig-zagging branches, is! Summer to admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers known as American Hop-hornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana General. Leaves - alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on.! See blue beech bark interest, and in areas with basic bedrock clonal propagation asexual. Hornbeam is hard and durable been called by the common name of the Birch family, contact! Smooth ; inner bark uniform hornbeam nutlets States ; zone 4 ; naturally occurs as an tree. States, westward to eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and adaptability gray brown bark is! Hornbeam refers to the winter landscape updates on new products and upcoming sales sexual ), with narrow platelike!