People must be managed productively. Again, if seems to violate basicsocietal notions of ethics and clearly harms important stakeholder groups,including the general public and local communities. Ethics management: how to achieve ethical or ganizations and management? Ethical Issues. The contributor wish to acknowledge Patricia M. Pecqueux as some of the timeless material was retained from the previous version. Unethical behavior tends to arise when managers decide to put the attainment of their own personal goals, or the goals of the organization, above the fundamental rights of one or more stakeholder groups.The most common examples of such behavior involve self-dealing, information manipulation, anti competitive behavior, opportunistic exploitation of suppliers and distributors, the maintenance of sub standard working conditions, environmental degradation,and corruption. BEHAVING ETHICALLY
Communities and the general public, including their politicalrepresentatives ingovernment, have the right to expect that a firm will notviolate the basic expectations societyplaces on enterprises—for example, bydumping toxic pollutants into the environment orovercharging for work performedon government contracts. Threethings are particularly important in building an organizational culture thatemphasizes ethical behavior. By reducing health costs, such action might producesignificant benefits for many people; but the action is unjust because itdiscriminates unfairly against a minority. Brycetells how formerEnron CEO Kenneth Lay made sure his own family benefited handsomely fromEnron(which is an example of self-dealing). Author Robert Bryce hasexplained how the organizational culture at now-bankrupt energy company Enronwas built on values that emphasizedgreed anddeception. The lesson from the Enron debacle is that an organizationalculture can appear to legitimizebehavior that society would judge as unethical,particularly when this culture is mixedwith a focus on unrealistic performancegoals, such as maximizing short-term economic performanceno matter what thecosts. To do this they need a moral compass, which bothrights theoriesand Rawls’s theory of justice help to provide. Major Issues in Ethical Management. Thus it was the obligation not just of the Nigerian government,but also of the multinational firms that shipped the toxic waste, to make surethat it did no harm to residents and workers. Data sources: Position papers, government guidelines, and nursing and legal literature. Such action cannot be ethical because it is unjust. Rawlsaccepts that inequalities can be just so long as the system that producesinequalities is to the advantage of everyone. It appears that an underlying subject in all HR-involved workplace issues is a management culture that promotes ethical ignorance – or at the very least knowingly welcomes an action to happen – even when the organization implements a Code of Ethics. Subcontractors may have been chosen on the basisof business variables such as cost, delivery, and product quality, and the keymanagers simply failed to ask how the subcontractors treated their workers. Corruption Corruption canarise in a business context when managers pay bribes to gain access tolucrative business contracts. Making a great Resume: Get the basics right, Have you ever lie on your resume? Despite the availability of national guidelines that address the ethical issues of pain management, patients with SCD often receive suboptimal pain control, especially during acute painful episodes. In 1987 fiveEuropean ships unloaded toxic waste containing dangerous poisons in Nigeria.Workers wearing thongs and shorts unloaded the barrels for $2.50 a day andplaced them in a dirt lot in a residential area. The following are some of the major ethical challenges an organization faces in ethical management − Harming Some While Benefitting Others Apart from ensuring profit maximization, the project managers and their team members should also fulfill their ethical and corporate social responsibilities being a good citizen. A fourth cause of unethical behavior has alreadybeen hinted at.This is pressure from top managementto meet performance goals that areunrealistic and can be attained only by cutting cornersor acting in an unethicalmanner. Ethical issues include the rights and duties between a company and its employees, suppliers, customers and neighbors, its fiduciary responsibility to its shareholders. In abusiness setting, stakeholder theory provides a useful way for managers toframe any discussion of rights. One of the most infamous examples is the 2001 scandal that enveloped American energy company Enron, which for years inaccurately reported its financial statements and its auditor, accounting firm Arthur Andersen, signed off on the statements despite them being incorrect. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. It is the managers moral and ethical obligation to resolve these conflicts when they arise quickly so that they do not worsen. For guidance with ethical concerns, project managers should refer to the Project Management Institute's code of ethics, as well as the Program Management Improvement and Accountability Act. In many businesses an ethics officer actsas an internal ombudsperson—handling confidential inquiries from employees,investigating complaints from employees or others, reporting findings, andmaking recommendations for change. Another key element in making the right decisions is instilling professionalism in self and in the organization. The thirdfoundation element is a compensationcommittee of theboard of directors that is composed entirely of outside directors.Thecompensation committee sets the level of pay for top managers, includingstock optiongrants and the like. Make sure that leaders within the business notonly articulate the rhetoric of ethical behavior, but also act in a manner thatis consistent with that rhetoric. A recent example of corruption concerns theallegation that the Texas-based energy company Halliburton participated in aconsortium that made $180 million in illegal payments to government officials(that is, bribes) to secure a $4.9 billion contract to build a liquefiednatural gas plant in Nigeria. But like anything else in life, there is always ambiguity to what is right. Substandard Working Conditions Substandardworking conditions arise when managerstolerate unsafe working conditions or pay employees below-market rates toreduce costs of production. Ethical Issues in Management Ethical Issues in Management As a manager, being a role model is important to make fair and just decisions. There are many ethical lines that can be crossed in project management. Aspart ofthe deal, Enron hired Mark Lay as an executivewith a three-year contract thatguaranteed him atleast $1 million in pay over that period, plus optionstopurchase about 20,000 shares of Enron. Here are the 10 most common ethical issues … No one owns the atmosphere or the oceans, but polluting them, nomatter where the pollution originates, harms all. Many moral and ethical issues are faced by managers every day concerning diversity. As noted earlier, stakeholders have basicrights that should be respected, and it is unethical to violate those rights. One reason for this development is that companies face increasing pressures to address actively concerns with regard to the social and environmental impacts of their business activities. In another recent example,the Ohio Art company ran into an ethical storm when newspaper reports allegedthat it had moved production of its popular Etch a Sketch toy from Ohio to asupplier in Shenzhen province, where employees, mostly teenagers, worked longhours for 24 cents per hour, below the legal minimum wage of 33 cents an hourthere. Avoiding ethical issues in business always starts with top management. Does my decision fall within the accepted values or standardsthat typically apply in the organizational environment (as articulated in acode of ethics or some other corporate statement)? • Distinguish ethical problems from other general patient care management issues. While the industry has changed in recent years due to modern healthcare, some ethical issues remain the same. Is it ethical for the Ohio Art company to use such a supplier?
Project Management Issues
Businessescan give potential employees psychological tests to try to discern theirethical predisposition, and they can check potential employees’ references. Abstract: Ethical issues involve diverse professions in which Information Technology project management (ITPM) is not an exception. • Management ethics is the ethical treatment of employees, stockholders, owners and the public by a company. Self-Dealing Self-dealingoccurs when managers find away to feather their own nests withcorporate funds. The dispute was settled out of court, and under a revised agreementBoeing agreed to pay monetary damages to Titanium Metals (reported to be in the$60 million range) and entered an amended contract to purchase titanium.Irrespectiveof the legality of this action, it seems unethical because it violated the rightsof a supplier to be dealt with in a f air and open w ay. Equal Employment Opportun… Principles Of Management Interview Questions, All rights reserved © 2020 Wisdom IT Services India Pvt. The career is full of tough decisions and caring for other people. (Groff & Jones 2003: organization will have a healthy workforce.
The issue of pollution takes on added importance because someparts of the environment are a public good that no one owns but anyone candespoil. Having articulated values in a code of ethics or some otherdocument, it is important that business leaders give life and meaning to thosewords by repeatedly emphasizing their importance and then acting on them. In the context of business ethics, Rawls’s theory creates an interestingperspective. However,many actions, although legal, do not seemto be ethical. Should harassment or discrimination take place in the workplace, the result could be catastrophic for your organization both financially and reputationally. At Hewlett-Packard, for example, BillHewlett and David Packard, the company’sfounders, propagated a set of valuesknown as the HP Way. Project professionals are expected to always act in the best interests of their projects. Forexample, the food and consumer products giant Unilever has a code of ethicsthat includes the following points: “We will not use any form of forced,compulsory, or child labor” and “No employee may offer, give, or receive anygift or payment that is, or may be construed as being, a bribe. Issues concerning relations between different companies include hostile take-overs and industrial espionage. The Ethical And Management Issues 1593 Words 7 Pages Introduction In September 2015, the convenience store chain in Australia, 7-Eleven, came into trouble when ABC’s ‘Four Corner’s, a documentary series, revealed that 7-Eleven has been using exploitative and illegal work practices to reduce its labour costs. Ethical Issues in Management Pages: 5 (1119 words) Procurement Management Make-or-Buy Analysis Pages: 9 (2196 words) Performance Evaluation Of Procurement Activities Construction Pages: 4 … Employment Issues: Major Challenges are in the areas of hiring employees. Ethical Issues Create Slippery Slopes Not all ethical breaches are as dramatic as those that make headlines, but all ethical violations are wrong nonetheless. Fraud, discrimination, nepotism, false marketing in advertorial manner is the name of the game for unethical pseudo professionals and to cope with them always remain a challenge for the socially and ethically responsible manager. While conducting project management, profit and staff motivation are often paramount. Beyond these theories,some ethics experts have proposed a straightforward practical guide—an ethicalalgorithm—to determine whether a decision is ethical.A decisionis acceptable on ethical grounds if a businessperson can answer yes to each ofthese questions: Ethics Officers To ensure that abusiness behaves in an ethical manner, a number of firms now have ethicsofficers. They are probably the most important ingredient in an organization’s success and they are frequently the, Ethical Issues in Procurement Management Another key element in making the right decisions is instilling professionalism in self and in the organization. The main ethical issues raised by these case studies are cultural diversity issues, discrimination and employee working conditions. INTRODUCTION In the modern world corporations contribute to the global tragedyof the commons by moving production to locations in developing nations whereenvironmental regulations are lacking or less strict than they are at home.There the firms are freer to pump pollutants into the atmosphere or dump themin oceans or rivers, thereby harming these valuable global commons. In such cases aphenomenon known as the tragedyofthe commons becomes applicable. Soon we will discuss what steps managers can take tomake sure that they and their coworkersact in an ethical manner. 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