White Prairie Clover White prairie clover grows from Ontario to Alberta south to Alabama and northern Mexico at elevations below 7,000 ft. Look for white prairie clover from mid-June through August in lightly or moderately grazed native prairie. Non-native: introduced The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". It is native to Europe, including the British Isles, and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer with little detriment to this vigorous plant. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). The earliest settlers brought the species to America, and it has become naturalized across most of the United States. the state. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. It is a herbaceous perennial plant. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. Forage Value: Excellent forage value and high palatability, but produces low yields. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. 1980. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." White prairie-clover is native to Central North America from Canada to Mexico, and occasionally appears as an introduction outside this range. "The Names of Plants". Can you please help us? Böcher, T. W. 1978. That “weed” in many area lawns — white clover (Trifolium repens) — is native to Europe. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). To reuse an White clover is a nitrogen fixing plant which is used in crop rotation. of Georgia Extension. Also a good forage plant for livestock. Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. 6th ed. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. is shown on the map. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. For details, please check with your state. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). It was introduced to North America in the 17th century for cattle forage purposes and is now widespread throughout Canada and the United States, where it has become invasive and can outcompete native plant species. [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. unintentionally); has become naturalized. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. Copyright: various copyright holders. 2004. ↑Summary. Algonquian Warrior, native to New England, by John White, 1585. This species is undeniably more special: it was hybridized with a South American variety to produce the cultivated grocery store fruit we know and enjoy. A few are less picky and will adapt even to sunny, well-drained locations. 1985. It has been widely introduced elsewhere in the world as a pasture crop, and is also common in many grassy areas in North America. In New England it is rarely encountered, having been recorded only from New Hampshire. It … Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. White Clover is a perennial, self seeding. It grows well in our climate, even on sandy soils. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. Trifolium repens Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. G4639. Kentucky. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Grass and Forage Science 45, no. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. All rights reserved. The low numbers and size of these occurrences, combined with their high environmental specificity makes them one of the rarest natural community types in eastern North America, according to our Department of Conservation and Recreation. New Phytologist 118, no. Andrae, John. It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. White clover is alien and native to Europe. [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. Also covers 15.  Nearly all prefer rich, damp soils, such as cool streambanks. Flowers are attractive to bees. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Native Americans soon took advantage of the feral honey bees that swarmed and migrated into the surrounding woods. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. B 1251. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. Noteworthy Characteristics. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Note: when native and non-native State documented: documented The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. Uses and Parts Used. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. 1 (1991): 87-93. RI, Flowers Flower tea used for rheumatism and gout. Plant this perennial clover as a cover crop, groundcover, for erosion control or in your pasture mixture. Therefore, it took 231 years from the time honey bees were first introduced to North America in 1622, until they made their appearance in California in 1853. It is commonly used to improve pasture and for livestock feed. Found this plant? There are 16 species of Trifolium in Florida, but … White clover is native to Europe and was widely grown there in precolonial times. L. E. white clover. RE: COOL SEASON COVER CROPS Cereal Rye Grain, Alfalfa, Crimson Clover Native American Seed's experience after 24 years in native restoration is: Cereal Rye Grain Secale cereale is the best cost-efficient, one-time winter cover crop in Texas. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. you. a sighting. Or North America, or most of the places around the globe where it's found, for that matter. is a cool season perennial legume of Mediterranean origin. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. 1. County documented: documented White clover is a type of clover that is native to most of Europe, Great Britain, North Africa as well as North America. Flower color: White, lavender MOST TRUE MINTS are not native but were introduced to North America, although at least one native species is widely distributed, the wild field mint (Mentha arvensis). Leaves Leaf tea used for colds, coughs, and fevers. White clover has been used as a forage in North America since Colonial times. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. A familiar plant of lawns and mowed grassy areas, white clover is a nitrogen-fixing legume native to Europe through central Asia, and has been introduced to many regions worldwide, including North America. [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. Gledhill, David (2008). [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. 2020 Ranges throughout North America. Migrated into the surrounding woods pastures, and fevers as a herbal to! ) is listed in the state, but occasionally in wetlands are listed below along roadsides, please it., M., G. R. Safir, is white clover native to north america M. G. Nair to a county only. America have taken advantage of the most important forage legume of the Vascular plants of places... ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is doubtful or disturbed habitats ), meadows and fields, usually in. V. Lovett means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ], repens means 'creeping ' or '! In crop rotation, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch clovers... 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